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Adaptation for Smallholders to Climate Change

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Climate Change in Tanzania

Tanzania The Vice Presidents Office has published its out Initial National Communication on Climate Change to the UNFCCC in 2003. The Non-governmental organisation outCentre for Energy Environment Science and Technology Foundation (CEEST) has contributed strongly to its publication and acts as the secretary to the National Climate Change Committee, which the Government chairs through the Vice President's office. outCEEST has have great scientific expertise regarding greenhouse gas emissions, conservation of natural resources and they are also involved in the practical implementation of projects of climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Main impacts of climate change

Tanzania is most severely affected by the receding glaciers of Kilimanjaro. The ice cap of Kilimanjaro has decreased by 82% since it was first surveyed in 1912. Rivers dry out in the summer and Tanzania is increasingly affected by droughts. On the other hand, precipitation is expected to become more intense during rainy seasons, leading to floods and the degradation of soil. Tansania also faces other environmental hazards immediately related to climate change, such as:

  • loss of vegetation due to forest fires leading to floods
  • Soil erosion and loss of fertile land for agriculture during the rainy seasons
  • Unsustainable irrigation resulting and the loss of water resources
  • Unsustainable mining activities resulting in tree felling and loss of vegetation cover
  • About 91,300 hectares of forest are lost every year leading to land degradation and hence desertification
  • Water levels in important basins are decreasing
  • Wells, rivers, dams and other water resources have dried

Coffee and tea production

Tea and Arabica coffee are grown in Tanzanias highlands, which receive high precipitation. The highland zone includes the Northeastern Highlands: the Usambara Mountains, Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Meru, as well as the Southern Highlands: Mt. Rungwe, Livingstone ranges, and Mt. Mbeya. The sited tea and coffee areas of Wakulima /Katumba Tea Factory in Rungwe / Tukuyu area and the Kilimanjaro Native Coffee Union (KNCU) in Moshi / Kilimanjaro are in this zone. Robusta coffee is grown around Lake Victoria. KNCU is one of the pilot goups participating in the second round of the risk and opportunity assessments.

AdapCC supports tea and coffee farmers in Tanzania to confront the environmental risks that intensify through climate change. AdapCC aims to build capacities in the grower organisations that enable them to find long term adaptation strategies.